Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was born July 19, 1921, in New York City and died May 30, 2011, in the Bronx, New York. Yalow was a medical physicist who, along with Andrew Schally and Roger Guillemin, won the Nobel Peace Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for a technique known as radioimmunoassay (RIA). RIA is a tracing technique which allows the measurement of minute amounts of biological substances in human blood or other fluids. This technique is so precise that it can detect a teaspoon of sugar in a body of water sixty-two miles long. Originally this technique was used to study insulin levels in diabetes. Yalow’s discovery now makes it possible to diagnose many conditions at a much earlier stage and thus beginning treatment sooner.
Following are some of the notable awards Yalow has received in her lifetime:
1972 Dickson Prize
1975 AMA Scientific Achievement Award
1977 Nobel Peace Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1988 National Medal of Science
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