Esther Lederberg was born December 18, 1922, in Bronx, New York, and died November 1, 2006, in Stanford, California. She was an American microbiologist who led the way in bacterial genetics. Lederberg is best known for her collaboration with her first husband who won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for discoveries on how bacteria mate. One of Lederberg’s greatest discoveries was that of Lambda phage which is a virus that infects E. coli bacteria. Lambda phage has quickly became widely used in the study of genetic recombination and gene regulation. Esther Lederberg authored and coauthored several notable publications.
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