Does the Latest “Smart Drug” Really Make You Smarter?

Does the Latest “Smart Drug” Really Make You Smarter?

Sometimes not even caffeine pills or Deathwish Coffee can get your brain through the long hours of study, research, and writing.  It might have occurred to you that it would be marvelous to find a magical pill that could keep you sharp long enough to ace that exam or get an A on that paper.  The temptation grows ever stronger for those who juggle studies, work, and childrearing.

A “Magic Pill”

There’s been some hype in recent years about the cognitive benefits of a drug called Adderall, developed to help children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to focus for longer on their studies.  It’s made up of two forms of amphetamine: levoamphetamine and dextroamphetamine.  Adderall works in much the same way as Ritalin, but its popularity among university students comes from the fact that its effects last from six to twelve hours longer.

Doctors aren’t legally permitted to prescribe Adderall for cognitive enhancement because a perceived need for cognitive enhancement is not a legitimate medical condition.  But a 2004 study by the University of Michigan’s Substance Abuse Research Center showed that, in that year, 4.1 percent of America’s undergrads had taken prescription drugs for unapproved use (i.e.  to help them focus on academic work for longer periods), and some schools had rates of up to 35 percent.

A very few students fake the symptoms of ADHD in order to get prescriptions, and some students  who’ve been taking the drug for years for real ADHD are stockpiling the drug to sell to friends.  But it’s also fairly easy to buy online.

The Pros
  • It’s not just students who are extolling the praises of Adderall; executives, software engineers, and even poker players are among those using Adderall to maintain long hours of intense focus.
  • The drug is not strongly addictive; stopping it after long-term regular use won’t lead to cravings.
  • Even if you do obtain the drug illegally, there’s no real social stigma attached to it, and many parents even approve of their children using it.
  • In a world of tight competition Adderall users seem to have a definite advantage.
The Cons
  • Although the drug is said not to be addictive, taking it for short-term focus will often result in a mild cognitive impairment once the drug is out of your system. If you’ve taken it regularly and then stopped you may experience depression, fatigue, paranoia, and possibly symptoms of schizophrenia.  If you’ve been taking the drug for a long time, these symptoms may hang around much longer than you’d like — for months or even years.
  • There’s some evidence to suggest that the rosy results Adderall users report actually stem from the emotional high users experience, a positive mood that leads them to think their performance was better than it really was.
  • If you’re required to take drug tests, know that Adderall will appear in your blood, saliva, hair, or urine for up to three days.
  • Those who use Adderall illegally are at risk to abuse stronger drugs.
  • Sometimes Adderall sabotages academic performance by making students write papers that are far too wordy, or by sending their mental energy off-track into pointless activities.
  • Despite the slightly misleading marketing, no “smart” drug will actually make you smarter.
You Can’t Cheat Mother Nature

The effort to push the mind further than it wants to go has been around for a long time.  Sir Francis Bacon tried out a number of natural substances to see if they would improve his writing ability.  Balzac drank coffee like it was mother’s milk, and Sartre used speed to get to the end of his difficult philosophical treatises.

They all learned, as does anyone on a quest for more smarts, that you can’t cheat Mother Nature.  Better to go with the practises that really do make you smarter, like good nutrition, plenty of sleep, regular exercise, and mindful attention to your studies.  And if your environment demands more of you than it should, it may be time to make a few life changes.  You’ll thank yourself later.

References
https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/amphetamine
https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/dextroamphetamine
https://mentalhealthdaily.com/2016/07/14/how-long-does-adderall-stay-in-your-system/
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3200/JACH.57.3.315-324?src=recsys&
http://www.iricss.org/fa/NewsRelease/News/Documents/Brain_Gain_The_New_Yorker.pdf
http://web.missouri.edu/~segerti/1050H/docs/RitalinGoneWrong.pdf
https://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/31/education/edlife/the-adderall-advantage.html
https://www.colorado.edu/economics/morey/4999Ethics/ethicsandmoralphilosphy/CareyNYTBrainEnhancementIsWrongRight03092008.pdf
https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/glr2.2017.21810
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0306460312000615
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